• What is the difference between a lithium battery and a lead-acid battery for an electric forklift? Which is better?

What is the difference between a lithium battery and a lead-acid battery for an electric forklift? Which is better?

 China's forklift industry continues to exceed expectations, various products, including electric forklifts, have performed well in both domestic and international markets. In the face of deteriorating energy conditions, environmental pressure and the development of new energy vehicles, external factors such as lithium battery technology have brought opportunities to the lithium battery forklift market. But what is the difference between lithium batteries and lead-acid batteries in electric forklifts? Which one is better?
Here are the main features:
Environmental considerations: Unlike lead-acid and nickel-cadmium batteries, lithium-ion batteries do not contain elements such as cadmium, lead or mercury that can pollute the environment. Lead-acid batteries will produce "hydrogen evolution" phenomenon when charging, which will corrode the wire terminals and battery box. Lithium-ion batteries do not have this problem, ensuring environmental protection and reliability. The lithium iron phosphate battery has a service life of 5-10 years, no memory effect, and no need for frequent replacement.
Security features: The same charging and discharging port and Anderson plug are used to solve the safety problem of starting the forklift when charging due to different charging port modes. The lithium-ion battery pack is equipped with an intelligent lithium battery management and protection circuit (BMS). These circuits can automatically cut off the main circuit when the battery is low, short circuit, overcharge, high temperature and other faults. Traditional lead-acid batteries lack these features.
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 Triple security protection: Intelligent monitoring and protection devices are installed between the battery, the total internal output of the battery, and the total output of the busbar, which can monitor and protect the special conditions of the battery in real time.
 Integrate with IoT: Lithium-ion batteries can be seamlessly integrated into wider IoT systems. They can provide timely information on whether the battery needs to be maintained or replaced, and automatically summarize data such as time of entering the factory, charge and discharge cycle, etc.
Fast charging and efficiency: In special industries such as airports and large-scale warehousing and logistics centers, lithium-ion batteries can be quickly charged within 1-2 hours during lunch breaks. This ensures the uninterrupted work of Yufeng forklifts. Lithium-ion batteries provide maintenance-free, automatic charging. Thanks to their unique constant-time active equalization technology, they require no special water injection or periodic draining. This greatly reduces the workload of on-site personnel and saves labor costs.
 Weight and size advantages: Lithium-ion batteries are one-fourth the weight and one-third the size of equivalent lead-acid batteries. This means that under the same charging conditions, the driving range of the vehicle can be increased by more than 20%.
 Efficient charging: Lithium-ion batteries can be charged more than 97 percent efficiently, compared to 80 percent for lead-acid batteries. For example, a 500AH lithium-ion battery pack can save more than 1,000 yuan in charging costs per year compared with lead-acid batteries. Currently, lead-acid batteries remain the preferred choice in the intralogistics industry due to their low procurement costs. However, continued improvements in lithium-ion batteries and associated reductions in production costs are prompting industry professionals to reconsider their options. More and more customers are now relying on forklift trucks equipped with this advanced lithium-ion battery technology for their intralogistics tasks.
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Post time: Jul-10-2023